NOAA Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning

Resources

This section provides a searchable categorized list of documents and information related to coastal and marine spatial planning. It is not an exhaustive list but does contain a comprehensive archive of information from the academic literature, project reports, and news publications. If you would like to recommend a document for posting, please send an email to msp@noaa.gov.

Key Documents

Crowder, L. B., G. Osherenko, et al. (2006). Resolving Mismatches in U.S. Ocean Governance. Science 313(5787): 617-618.
This two-page article supplies a succinct summary of the problems with existing U.S. ocean governance and thoughts about how CMSP might help resolve them.

Council on Environmental Quality (2010). Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force.
The Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force was created by President Obama in June 2009 to develop recommendations for U.S. ocean policy and a framework for CMSP in U.S. waters. This is the final document from that task force, implemented by executive order on July 19, 2010.

Ehler, C., and F. Douvere (2009). Marine Spatial Planning: A Step-By-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-Based Management. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manual and Guides No. 53, ICAM Dossier No. 6. Paris, UNESCO.
This essential guidebook uses a step-by-step approach to show how CMSP can be implemented to help achieve ecosystem-based management. It is supported throughout with relevant, real-world examples from around the globe.

Environmental Law Institute (2009). Marine Spatial Planning in US Waters: An Assessment and Analysis of Existing Legal Mechanisms, Anticipated Barriers, and Future Opportunities. Prepared for the
Ocean Conservancy. Washington, DC.
This analysis offers a thorough review of dozens of federal ocean and coastal laws, identifying the obstacles and opportunities they present for implementing CMSP in the U.S.

Eastern Research Group Inc. (ERG) (2010). Marine Spatial Planning Stakeholder Analysis. NOAA Office for Coastal Management, Charleston, SC.
This report looks at differences and similarities in ocean uses, CMSP drivers, and CMSP implementation across U.S. coastal regions. Each region is characterized by its socio-economic, political, and cultural distinctions; key stakeholders and partnerships; and common themes from interviews conducted. Case study summaries of notable MSP-related initiatives in each region are included.

Commission of the European Communities (2008). Roadmap for Maritime Spatial Planning: Achieving Common Principles in the EU. Communication from the Commission, November 25, 2008, 791 final. Brussels, Belgium.
This is the primary guidance document for facilitating implementation of CMSP throughout the waters of the European Union. It sets out key principles for CMSP and seeks to encourage the development of a common approach among EU member states.

Executive Order 13547. Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. Signed by President Barack Obama, July 19, 2010. Federal Register. Volume 75, No. 140. Pages 43023 to 43027.

How-to Guides

Beck, M. W., Z. Ferdaña, et al. (2009). Best Practices for Marine Spatial Planning. Arlington, VA, The Nature Conservancy.

Ehler, C., and F. Douvere (2009). Marine Spatial Planning: A Step-By-Step Approach toward Ecosystem-Based Management. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Manual and Guides No. 53, ICAM Dossier No. 6. Paris, UNESCO.

Gilliland, P. M., and D. Laffoley (2008). Key Elements and Steps in the Process of Developing Ecosystem-Based Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 32(5): 787-796.

Schultz-Zehden, A., K. Gee, et al. (2008). Handbook on integrated maritime spatial planning. Berlin, INTERREG III B CADSES PlanCoast Project.

World Wildlife Fund Germany (2010). Maritime Spatial Planning in the Baltic Sea: Become a Marine Spatialist within 10 Minutes. WWF in the Framework of the BaltSeaPlan Project.

Case Studies

Agostini, V. N., S. W. Margles, et al. (2010). Marine Zoning in Saint Kitts and Nevis: A Path Towards Sustainable Management of Marine Resources. The Nature Conservancy.

Ballinger, R. C., F. Maes, et al. (2008). Spatial Planning and ICZM in North West Europe. COREPOINT Project.

BaltSeaPlan (2012). Vision 2030: Towards the sustainable planning of Baltic Sea space. Baltic Sea Region Programme.

Blæsbjerg, M., J. F. Pawlak, et al. (2009). Marine Spatial Planning in the Nordic Region: Principles, Perspectives and Opportunities. Nordic Council of Ministers.

Carter, J., L. Engeman, et al. (2010). Marine Spatial Planning for Renewable Energy on the West Coast: Workshop Report. West Coast Governors’ Agreement, Seattle, WA.

Degnbol, D., and D. Wilson (2007). Spatial Planning on the North Sea: A Case of Cross-Scale Linkages. Marine Policy 32(2): 189-200.

Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs (2005). Marine Spatial Planning Literature Review. United Kingdom.

Department of Fisheries and Oceans (2007). The Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Ocean Management Strategic Plan. Halifax, Government of Canada.

Douvere, F., F. Maes, et al. (2007). The Role of Marine Spatial Planning in Sea Use Management: The Belgian Case. Marine Policy 31(2): 182-191.

Ekebom, J. (2008). Towards Marine Spatial Planning in the Baltic Sea. BALANCE Technical Summary Report. Copenhagen, Denmark., Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland.

Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (2008). Draft Spatial Plan for the German Exclusive Economic Zone. Berlin, Germany.

Flannery, W., and M. O. Cinneide (2008). Marine Spatial Planning from the Perspective of a Small Seaside Community in Ireland. Marine Policy 32(6): 980–987.

Flannery, W. and M. O Cinneide (2012). Deriving Lessons Relating to Marine Spatial Planning from Canada’s Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Management Initiative. J. Env. Policy & Planning 14(1).

Florida Ocean Alliance (2011).Oceans of Opportunity: Managing Future Uses of Florida’s Ocean Spaces. Final Report from Florida Oceans Day 2011.

Florida Ocean Alliance (2010). Florida’s Journey Towards Marine Spatial Planning. Final Report from Florida Oceans Day 2010.

Hovik, S., and K. B. Stokke (2007). Balancing Aquaculture with Other Coastal Interests: A Study of Regional Planning as a Tool for ICZM in Norway. Ocean and Coastal Management 50(11-12): 887-904.

Interdepartmental Directors Consultative Committee (2006). Integrated Management Plan for the North Sea 2015. The Netherlands.

Li, H. (2006). The impacts and Implications of the Legal Framework for Sea Use Planning and Management in China. Ocean and Coastal Management 49: 717-726.

Maes, F., J. Schrijvers, et al. (2005). A Flood of Space: Towards a Spatial Structure Plan for Sustainable Management of the North Sea (GAUFRE). Belgian Science Policy, Brussels.

Marine Management Organisation (2012). East Inshore and East Offshore Marine Plan Areas Evidence and Issues Overview Report 2012. United Kingdom.

Marriott, C. T., and C. M. Oram (2010). Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning for Offshore Renewable Energy Development on the West Coast. Environmental & Land Use Law Newsletter, May 2010.

Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs (2009). Massachusetts Ocean Management Plan. Boston, MA.

MSPP Consortium (2006). Marine Spatial Planning Pilot: Final Report. DEFRA. UK.

Northeast Regional Ocean Council (2009). Marine Spatial Planning Working Session Proceedings, Oct. 26-27, 2009. Gloucester, MA.

OSPAR (2009). Overview of National Spatial Planning and Control Systems Relevant to the OSPAR Maritime Area. Commission on the Oslo-Paris Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North East Atlantic, London, UK.

Royal Norwegian Ministry of the Environment (2006). Integrated Management Plan of the Marine Environment of the Barents Sea and the Sea Areas off the Lofoten Islands. Report No. 8 to the Storting, Norway.

Smith, H., R. Ballinger, T. Stojanovic (2012). The Spatial Development Basis of Marine Spatial Planning in the U.K. J. Env. Policy & Planning 14(1).

Thorsteinson, L., et al. (2011). Proceedings of a Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Workshop for the Western United States: Cavallo Point Lodge, Fort Baker, Sausalito, CA, December 1–2, 2010. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1152.

Tyldesley, D., and B. Hunt (2003). Review of How the Land Use Planning System Could influence the Development of a Marine Spatial Planning System for England. English Nature Research Report Number 566.

WWF Baltic Ecoregion Programme (2009). 2009 Baltic Sea Scorecard. Solna, Sweden, World Wildlife Fund.

Zaucha, J. (2012). Offshore Spatial Information: Maritime Spatial Planning in Poland. In “The Role of Spatial Information in Strategic Spatial Planning,” special issue of Regional Studies Journal 6(4).

News and Editorial

-- (2009). Zoning for Oceans. Editorial. Scientific American, December 2009: 34.

-- (2010). A plan for the ocean. Editorial. Nature 465(7294): 9.

Eilperin, J. (2009). Finding Space for All in Our Crowded Seas. The Washington Post. Washington D.C.: A6.

Gramling, C. (2010). Reeling in Ocean Sprawl. Earth Magazine 55(3): 36-37.

Oliver, A. (2011). The Control of Fisheries through Marine Spatial Planning? World Fishing and Aquaculture (March 16, 2011).

Simpson, S. (2009). World Changing Ideas: Marine Zoning Is A Bold Remedy For Sick Seas. Scientific American, December 2009: 54-55.

Sutter, J. D. (2009). Governments Trying to Reel In ‘Ocean Sprawl’. CNN.com (July 15, 2009).

Policy Issues

-- (2010). Executive Order 13547 – Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes. Washington D.C. 75 FR 43023, July 22, 2010.

Ardron, J., K. Gjerde, et al. (2008). Marine Spatial Planning in the High Seas. Marine Policy 32(5): 832-839.

Barale, V., and N. Schaefer, Eds. (2011). Special Issue on Maritime Spatial Planning. Journal of Coastal Conservation, 15(2): 237-322.

Bates, A., K. Samoteskul, J. Callahan, and J. Firestone (2012). Delaware Marine Spatial Planning: Offshore Wind Context. University of Delaware Center for Carbon-Free Power Integration.

Bondareff, J. (2011). The Impact of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning on Deepwater Drilling. Natural Resources & Environment, 26(2). American Bar Association.

Commission of the European Communities (2008). Roadmap for Maritime Spatial Planning: Achieving Common Principles in the EU. Communication from the Commission, November 25, 2008, 791 final. Brussels, Belgium.

Consortium on Ocean Leadership (2009). Science Requirements for Marine Spatial Planning. Washington, DC.

Crowder, L. B., G. Osherenko, et al. (2006). Resolving Mismatches in U.S. Ocean Governance. Science 313(5787): 617-618.

Douvere, F. (2008). The Importance of Marine Spatial Planning in Advancing Ecosystem-Based Sea Use Management. Marine Policy 32(5): 762-771.

Duck, R. (2012). Marine Spatial Planning: Managing a Dynamic Environment. J. Env. Policy & Planning 14(1).

Earll, B. (2003). Spatial Planning in the Coastal and Marine Environment: Next Steps to Action. London, CoastNET.

Ehler, C. (2008). Conclusions: Benefits, Lessons Learned, and Future Challenges of Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 32(5): 840-843.

Ehler, C., and F. Douvere (2007). Visions for a Sea Change: Report of the First International Workshop on Marine Spatial Planning. Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission and Man and the Biosphere Programme. IOC manual and guides. 48, IOCAM Dossier, 4, UNESCO, Paris.

European Commission (2011). Study on the Economic Effects of Maritime Spatial Planning: Final Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union.

Federal Ministry of Transport Building and Urban Affairs (2007). Climate Change and Growing Sea Use Pressures: Solutions Offered by Maritime Spatial Planning. 4th International Plan Coast Conference. Berlin, Germany.

Flannery, W., and M. Ó. Cinnéide (2011). A Roadmap for Marine Spatial Planning: A Critical Examination of the European Commission's Guiding Principles Based on Their Application in the Clyde MSP Pilot Project. Online. Marine Policy 36(1): 265-271.

Gilliland (2006). The Added Value of Marine Spatial Planning (MSP ) – An Informal Discussion Paper, EU Country Agencies Interagency MSP Working Group.

Gopnik, M. (2008). Integrated Marine Spatial Planning in U.S. Waters: The Path Forward. Report to the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.

Hildreth, R. and L. Nickol (2012). Implementing Regional Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning. Environmental Law Reporter 42:10346-65.

Jay, S. (2010). Planners to the Rescue: Spatial Planning Facilitating the Development of Offshore Wind Energy. Marine Pollution Bulletin 60(4): 493-499.

Jay, S. (2012). Marine Space: Maneuvering Towards a Relational Understanding. J. Env. Policy & Planning 14(1).

Kappel, C. V., B. S. Halpern, et al. (2009). In the Zone: Comprehensive Ocean Protection. Issues in Science and Technology, Spring 2009: 33-34.

Kidd, S. and G. Ellis (2012). From the Land to the Sea and Back Again? Using Terrestrial Planning to Understand Marine Spatial Planning. J. Env. Policy & Planning 14(1).

Lubchenco, J., and  N. Sutley (2010). Proposed U.S. Policy for Ocean, Coast, and Great Lakes Stewardship. Science Policy 32 (8): 1485-1486.

Marine Management Organisation (2011). Maximising the Socio-Economic Benefits o f Marine Planning for English Coastal Communities. Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom.

Marine Protected Areas Federal Advisory Committee (2011). Recommendations for the Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning Process.” National Marine Protected Areas Center, NOAA. Washington, D.C.

Norse, E. A. (2005). Ending the Range Wars on the Last Frontier: Zoning the Sea. In Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea’s Biodiversity. E. A. Norse and L. B. Crowder, eds. Washington, DC, Island Press: 422-433.

Oran R. Young, Gail Osherenko, et al. (2007). Solving the Crisis in Ocean Governance: Place-Based Management of Marine Ecosystems. Environment 49(4): 22-32.

Plasma, C. (2008). Implementing Marine Spatial Planning: A Policy Perspective. Marine Policy 32(5): 811-815.

Sanchirico, J. N., J. Eagle, et al. (2010). Comprehensive Planning, Dominant-Use Zones, and User Rights: A New Era in Ocean Governance. Bulletin of Marine Science 86(2): 273-285.

Sivas, D. A., and M. R. Caldwell (2008). A New Vision for California Ocean Governance: Comprehensive Ecosystem-Based Marine Zoning. Stanford Environmental Law Journal 27(209).

Smith, H. D. (2000). The Industrialisation of the World Ocean. Ocean and Coastal Management 43(1): 11-28.

Smith, H., F. Maes, et al. (2010). The Integration of Land and Marine Spatial Planning. Journal of Coastal Conservation 20 April 2010: 1-13.

St.Martin, K., and M. Hall-Arber (2008). The Missing Layer: Geo-technologies, Communities, and Implications for Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 32 (5): 779-786.

Taussik, J. (2007). The Opportunities of Spatial Planning for Integrated Coastal Management  Marine Policy 31(5): 611-618.

Trouillet, B., T. Guineberteau, M. de Cacqueray, and J. Rochette (2011). Planning the Sea: The French Experience – Contribution to Marine Spatial Planning Perspectives. Marine Policy 35(3): 324-334.

UK Government (2011). UK Marine Policy Statement. London: The Stationery Office.

Washington State Department of Ecology (2011). How We Use Our Marine Waters: A Data Workshop to Support Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP ) in Washington.

White, C., B. Halpern, and C. Kappel (2012). Ecosystem Service Tradeoff Analysis Reveals the Value of Marine Spatial Planning for Multiple Ocean Uses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Published online before print March 5, 2012, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1114215109.

White House Council on Environmental Quality (2010). Final Recommendations of the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force. Washington D.C., July 19, 2010.

Stakeholder Participation

Consensus Building Institute and Massachusetts Ocean Partnership (2009). Stakeholder Participation in Massachusetts Ocean Management Planning: Observations on the Plan Development Stage. Boston, MA.

Eardley, C., and F. Conway. 2011. Oregon's Non-Consumptive Recreational Ocean User Community: Understanding an Ocean Stakeholder. Oregon State University, Oregon Sea Grant.

Eastern Research Group Inc. (ERG) (2010). Marine Spatial Planning Stakeholder Analysis. NOAA Office for Coastal Management, Charleston, SC.

Eder, B. (2010). Navigating the Public Process: Engaging Stakeholders in Wave Energy Development. Oceanography 23(2): 106-111.

Fisheries Leadership and Sustainability Forum (2011). Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning and the Role of Regional Fishery Management Councils in Multi-Sector Spatial Planning. Stanford University.

Gopnik, M., C. Fieseler, L. Cantral, K. McClellan, L. Pendleton, L. Crowder (2012). Coming to the Table: Early Stakeholder Engagement in Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 36(5):1139–49.

Pomeroy, R., and F. Douvere (2008). The Engagement of Stakeholders in the Marine Spatial Planning Process. Marine Policy 32(5): 816-822.

Tools

Cairns, C., M. Armsby, et al. (2009). Collaborative Geospatial Information and Tools for California Coastal and Ocean Managers: Workshop Report. Produced for the Center for Ocean Solutions, NOAA Office for Coastal Management, California Ocean Protection Council, and California Ocean Science Trust.

Center for Ocean Solutions (2011). Decision Guide: Selecting Decision Support Tools for Marine Spatial Planning. The Woods Institute for the Environment, Stanford University, California.

Eastern Research Group, Inc. (ERG) (2010). A Review and Summary of Human Use Mapping in the Marine and Coastal Zone. Produced for the NOAA Office for Coastal Management, Charleston, South Carolina, under NOAA Contract EAJ33C-09-0034.Lexington, Massachusetts.

Fowler, C., B. Smith, et al. (2010). Building a Marine Spatial Data Infrastructure to Support Marine Spatial Planning in U.S. Waters. Geographic Technologies Applied to Marine Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management. H. Calado and A. Gil, Universidade Dos Acores: 46-52.

Fox, E., et al. (2010). Information Flow in Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning: A Conceptual Framework to Inform Technological Choices to Meet Planning Needs. Marine Map Consortium, Santa Barbara, California.

MRAG Americas (2009). Science Tools to Implement Ecosystem Based Management in Massachusetts. Boston, MA., Massachusetts Ocean Partnership. July 2009.

NOAA National Marine Protected Areas Center (2010). “Mapping Human Uses of the Ocean: Informing Marine Spatial Planning through Participatory GIS.” Silver Spring, MD: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management.

Stamoulis, K. (2010). Data Requirements and Tools for Marine Spatial Planning Geographic Technologies Applied to Marine Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management. H. Calado and A. Gil, eds., Universidade Dos Acores: 138-147.

Stein, D., C. Fowler, et al. (2010). Working Toward a Multipurpose Marine Cadastre in the U.S. to Support Marine Spatial Planning Geographic Technologies Applied to Marine Spatial Planning and Integrated Coastal Zone Management. H. Calado and A. Gil, eds., Universidade Dos Acores: 148-154.

Stelzenmüller, V., J. Lee, et al. (2010). “Quantifying Cumulative Impacts of Human Pressures on the Marine Environment: A Geospatial Modeling Framework.” Marine Ecology Progress Series 398:19-32.

White, C., B. Halpern, and C. Kappel (2012). Ecosystem Service Tradeoff Analysis Reveals the Value of Marine Spatial Planning for Multiple Ocean Uses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Published online before print March 5, 2012, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1114215109.

 

CMSP and Ecosystems

Crowder, L., and E. Norse (2008). Essential Ecological Insights for Marine Ecosystem-Based Management and Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 32(5): 772-778.

Foley, M. M., B. S.Halpern, et al. (2010). Guiding Ecological Principles for Marine Spatial Planning. Marine Policy 34(5): 955-966.

Halpern, B. S., K. L. McLeod, et al. (2008). Managing for Cumulative Impacts in Ecosystem-Based Management through Ocean Zoning. Ocean & Coastal Management 51(3): 203-211.

Kappel, C., B. Halpern, and N. Napoli (2012). Mapping Cumulative Impacts of Human Activities on Marine Ecosystems. 03.NCEAS.12. Boston, MA: SeaPlan.

Tallis, H., S.E. Lester, et al. (2011). New Metrics for Managing and Sustaining the Ocean’s Bounty. Marine Policy. In press.Corrected proof available online April 16, 2011.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Day, J. (2008). The Need and Practice of Monitoring, Evaluating and Adapting Marine Planning and Management—Lessons from the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Policy 32(5): 823-831.

Douvere, F., and C. N. Ehler (2010). The Importance of Monitoring and Evaluation in Adaptive Maritime Spatial Planning. Journal of Coastal Conservation 14(1).

Additional Resources

The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning website is a great resource for general coastal and marine spatial planning information and international examples.

UNESCO’s Marine Policy Special Issue contains articles on the roles, needs, and opportunities coastal and marine spatial planning brings to management.

UNESCO’s Visions for a Sea Change presents the results of the 2006 International Workshop on Ecosystem-based Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning.

UNESCO’s Marine Spatial Planning: A step-by-step approach to ecosystem-based management provides detailed descriptions and examples to help users implement Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning.

Marine Conservation Biology Institute’s website provides information on projects and issues related to coastal and marine spatial planning.

Marine Protected Areas Center’s website presents information on this valuable conservation method, along with some analysis tools for data relevant to coastal and marine spatial planning.

The National Sea Grant Law Center produced an Offshore Renewable Energy Regulatory Primer. The document contains information on federal and state authorities specific to the various options for power generation, local considerations, and a conclusion section on coastal and marine spatial planning.

The Nature Conservancy’s Conserve Online website has a section with links to ecoregional assessments relevant to coastal and marine spatial planning.

The Nature Conservancy’s Marine Planning website houses information and tools relevant to coastal and marine spatial planning.

The Nature Conservancy's Marine Conservation Agreements Practioner's Toolkit provides information for local, national, and international organizations regarding marine conservation agreements and how they can be used to protect ocean and coastal biodiversity.